In case of adoption, the draft law submitted by the opposition will cancel the effect of the scandalous “language” law of Poroshenko – Parubiy and will not allow the separation of Ukrainians according to the language principle. The Novynskyi – Vilkul draft law on the basis of European norms effectively regulates the use of Ukrainian as the State language and minority languages (languages of indigenous peoples and national minorities).
“The provocative “language” law, which pro-government MPs adopted on April 25, 2019, is not really about the protection of the Ukrainian language. It effectively prohibits millions of Ukrainians from speaking their native language, violates the Constitution of Ukraine and contradicts the European legal norms that our country ratified and pledged to fulfill,” said Oleksandr Vilkul, MP from the OPPOSITION BLOC.
In order to settle the issue of using the Ukrainian language as the State language, languages of national minorities and indigenous peoples, MPs from the OPPOSITION BLOC – Vadym Novynskyi and Oleksandr Vilkul – submitted to the Verkhovna Rada a corresponding draft law (No. 10355).
Vadym Novinsky stressed that the discriminatory language law No. 2704-VIII (which will enter into force on July 16, 2019) recently passed by the pro-government majority does not comply with the Constitution of Ukraine and international law, therefore it will be abolished by the proposed draft law “On languages in Ukraine” No. 10355. After all, the language law No. 2704-VIII introduces discrimination on the basis of language, depriving national minorities of the right to free development, use and protection of native languages.
“We continue to do everything not to allow the radicals in power to impose the ideology of cave nationalism on Ukraine,” said Oleksandr Vilkul. “Ukraine is a multinational country, and people have right to speak the language in which their mother sang a lullaby. The adoption of our draft law will remove social tensions and put an end to the language issue. I stress, in our draft law there are no “regional languages”, there is only a State language – Ukrainian, as well as languages of national minorities and indigenous peoples.”
According to Vilkul, if the new law is adopted, the provocative “language” law of April 25, 2019 will expire.
In particular, according to the Novynskyi – Vilkul draft law, it is proposed to give the right to:
● indigenous peoples, national minorities of Ukraine to study their native language (from pre-school to higher education, as well as for out-of-school and postgraduate education), to study the appropriate minority language in community educational establishments or through national cultural societies;
● additional use of a minority language by the decision of the local council, if it is spoken by at least 10% of the inhabitants in this territory. The size of such a language group is determined on the basis of data from the All-Ukrainian Population Census on the linguistic composition. The term “additional use” refers to the work of local authorities, Crimean authorities and local authorities (reception of citizens in the language of minorities, correspondence with citizens, duplication in parallel with the Ukrainian language: acts, signboards, forms);
● private schools to teach in any language;
● broadcasters and print media to determine in which language to broadcast;
● screen movies (of foreign production) in cinemas, public commercial videos or at home in the original language or with dubbing/voicing/subtitling in the state or minority languages on request of distributors taking into account the language needs of consumers;
● advertisers to determine the language of advertisements, messages and other forms of audio and visual advertising products.
Oppositionists propose exclusive use of the Ukrainian State language in:
● judicial proceeding (if necessary, an interpreter is provided);
● armed forces;
● notarial actions;
● election documentation (ballots for all elections and referendums, informational posters for placement at polling stations);
● correspondence between state authorities and local self-government;
● official documents proving the identity of a citizen of Ukraine or information about him (passport, civil status records and documents issued by civil registration authorities, education certificate, work record, military ID and other official documents);
● writing addresses during postal correspondence;
● names of administrative-territorial units, railway stations, streets, squares, etc. (parallel duplication in the language of minorities is possible);
● conducting meetings of the Verkhovna Rada, BUT (!) speakers, in turn, have the right to use any minority language to speak in the session hall, on the Committee and on the Conciliation Board). Submission of draft laws must be only in the Ukrainian State language;
● acts of state central authorities and their publication.
“I hope common sense will prevail, and the Rada will adopt our draft law,” Vilkul emphasized.